United Kingdom

United Kingdom

About United Kingdom

About the UK : The United Kingdom consists of England, Wales, Scotland (which together make up Great Britain) and Northern Ireland.

Capital cities : The capital city of the UK is London, which is also the capital of England. For Wales the capital is Cardiff, for Scotland it is Edinburgh, and for Northern Ireland it is Belfast.

Population : The population of the UK is estimated to be around 63 million (England: 53 million, Scotland: 5.3 million, Wales: 3 million, Northern Ireland: 1.8 million).

Land area : The UK is close to 95,000 square miles (245,000 square kilometres), stretching from the Shetland Islands off the north coast of Scotland, down to the Isles of Scilly in south west England, and across the sea to Northern Ireland.

Countryside : The UK’s long coastline is around 5,000 miles (8,000 kilometres). The geography ranges from green meadows and woodland to rugged moorland and mountains. The highest mountain is Ben Nevis in Scotland at just over 1,340 metres.

Heritage : The UK has a fascinating history dating back to 6500 BC. All over the UK you’ll find monuments marking its history, from Stonehenge to Buckingham Palace. The UK is also home to over 28 cultural and natural UNESCO World Heritage Sites and Heritage Cities including Edinburgh, Bath, Canterbury, Chester, Durham, Oxford, Stratford-upon-Avon and York.

Economy : The UK is one of the world’s leading business locations and the number one destination for inward investment in Europe. The UK is one of the top ten manufacturers in the world and has the largest industries in Europe for life sciences, ICT and the creative industries. Find out more at UK Trade & Investment.

Language : English is spoken throughout the UK, but there are other official languages too, such as Welsh, Scots and Gaelic.

Money : The currency of the UK is pounds sterling.

Religion : The main religion in the UK is Christianity. However, the UK is a multi-faith society where other religions are widely welcomed and accepted.

Government : The United Kingdom is a parliamentary democracy – this means the government is elected by the people. There is a general election once every five years. The Prime Minister leads the government with the support of the cabinet and ministers. The UK is a member of the European Union.
As well as the central UK government, there are three ‘devolved administrations for Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland. They are responsible for many domestic policy issues such as health, education, culture, the environment and transport. You can find out more at the gov.uk website.

The royal family : The Queen is Head of State in the United Kingdom. As a constitutional monarch, Her Majesty does not ‘rule’ the country, but the royal family fulfils important ceremonial and formal roles with respect to Government. Find out more at www.royal.gov.uk.

Law : There may be some differences between the law in your country and the law in the UK. For example, in the UK:

Religion : The main religion in the UK is Christianity. However, the UK is a multi-faith society where other religions are widely welcomed and accepted.

You must not use or carry any illegal drugs, including cannabis, ecstasy, LSD or amphetamines.

It is illegal to carry self-defence CS gas sprays, guns or stun guns. There are also very strict laws and penalties around carrying knives.

You must be aged 18 or over to buy tobacco and alcohol.

You should never buy property that you think might be stolen, no matter how tempting it seems.

It is illegal to drive a car without the correct driving licence and without car insurance. Driving under the influence of drugs or alcohol is a serious offence.

Source: educationuk.org

Why Study in the United Kingdom?

United Kingdom – England, Scotland, Wales and Northern Ireland possess a lot to offer to international students whether it is World’s Top Universities or the vibrant cities and their culture. Four out of the top six universities of the world are located in the UK, whereas all the institutes based in the UK offer a high quality level of teaching from leading professionals in their selected field.
While you study in the UK, you are assured the topmost standard education because of its updated research methods and fantabulous quality. Programs of the United Kingdom are recognised all over the world and provides a feather to your hat.

The UK has a large international student community and multicultural society. Students come from over 200 nations to study in the UK. Many educational institutes have an international society to enable students from abroad to settle in the UK and make friends. These societies are always very sociable and offer trips to local attractions, and activities such as meals out, parties and gatherings. They also serve as a great source of support and advice and will enable you to make friendships that will last a lifetime.

As an international student you have the option to work for up to 20 hours per week during term time and full time in holidays. There are also opportunities for you to work for up to two years following your graduation. This is a great way to build up your work experience and gain some important skills that may compliment your future career.

Another benefit of being based in the UK is its proximity to the rest of Europe. Many destinations are a short plane journey away, which is fantastic for students who want to travel on term breaks. The UK is a great gateway to Europe, with plenty of travel links and wonderful students deals and guidance to help you on your way.

If you require a visa to study abroad in the UK, there is plenty of useful information out there. The visa process is streamlined to ensure you get the visa type that best suits your needs. There is no limit on the number of student visas issued and each year thousands of students are granted their visas and welcomed to the UK!

Universities and Colleges in UK

Education System

In UK “O” level is equivalent to SSC, “A” levels (2 years) is equivalent to HSC, Bachelors is for 3 years, and 4 Years are Sandwich program, masters for 1 year and PH.D for 3 years.

Types of Certification


    Open University

    College and Institution of Higher Education

    Open College

    College of Technology

    Teacher Training College


Grading System

Usual Grading system in Secondary school:
In UK Alphabetical system of grading is followed i.e. From A to E.

    A: excellent/outstanding

    B: above average

    C: average

    D: below average;

    E: failing.

    Highest on scale: A

    Pass/fail level: C/D

    Lowest on scale: E

Main Grading system used by higher education institutions:
In UK Alphabetical system of grading is followed i.e. From A to E.

    A: excellent/outstanding;

    B: above average;

    E: fail.

    Highest on scale: A

    Pass/fail level: D/E

    Lowest on scale: E

Other main grading systems:
Apart from the alphabetical grading system, the Numerical system is also used in UK.

Types of degrees

    Types of taught courses

    Postgraduate Certificates and Diplomas (PGCert; PGDip)

    Master (MA; MSc)

    Master of Business Administration (MBA)

    Types of research degrees

    Master of Philosophy (MPhil)

    Master of Research (MRes)

    Professional / Taught Doctorates (DEng, DMus, DEd, DBA, DClinPsych)

    New Route Doctorate of Philosophy (PhD)

    Doctor of Philosophy (PhD or DPhil)

    Bachelor Degrees

    Foundation Degrees

    Higher National Diplomas Higher National Certificates Diplomas of Higher Education

    Foundation courses, Foundation years or Access/Bridging courses

Higher Education

Higher education is defined as courses that are of a standard that is higher than GCE A level, the Higher Grade of the SCE/National Qualification, GNVQ/NVQ level 3 or the Edexcel (formerly BTEC) or SQA National Certificate/Diploma. There are three main levels of HE course:

(i) Postgraduate courses leading to higher degrees, diplomas and certificates (including Doctorate, Masters (research and taught), Postgraduate diplomas and certificates as well as postgraduate certificates of education (PGCE) and professional qualifications) which usually require a first degree as entry qualification.

(ii) Undergraduate courses which include first degrees (honours and ordinary), first degrees with qualified teacher status, enhanced first degrees, first degrees obtained concurrently with a diploma, and intercalated first degrees (where first degree students, usually in medicine, dentistry or veterinary medicine, interrupt their studies to complete a one-year course of advanced studies in a related topic).

(iii) Other undergraduate courses which include all other higher education courses, for example SVQ or NVQ: Level 5, Diploma (HNC/D level for diploma and degree holders), HND (or equivalent), HNC (or equivalent) and SVQ or NVQ: Level 4 and Diplomas in HsE.

Education Cost

UK tuition fees and course costs – international students

For international students, undergraduate fees for 2014-15 start at around UK£8,000 (US$11,920) for lecture-based courses, going up to £36,600 ($58,201) for an undergraduate medical degree at the top of the price range. On average, however, international undergraduate fees level out at around £11,987 ($17,870) – approximately £4,000 more than home students.

At postgraduate level, the average international fee for classroom based programs in 2014-15 is £12,390 ($18,470), although the majority of courses range from between £10,000 and £13,000 ($14,900-$19,380). For laboratory-based programs, average annual fees stand at £14,274 ($21,285), while for clinical degree programs the average figure is £21,296 ($31,750). For leading clinical programs (such as medicine) at leading UK universities, however, fees can be as high as £38,532 ($57,440) annually.

Best Course to Study in UK

1. Law

The practice of law is so closely intertwined the history of human civilisation that it’s no wonder to see it up here as the most popular course in the UK.

A degree in law provides its students with the skills required to practice in law. Transferable skills include research, interpretation and explanation of complex subjects, analytical thinking and practical problem solving, good oral communication, negotiation, teamwork, attention to detail, and the ability to draft formal documents.

2. Fashion Design

Our course chooser throws up the odd surprise now and then, and fashion design coming in as the second most popular search option is one.

Fashion design students develop the skills necessary to become creative designers able to operate at all levels of a fiercely competitive and international industry. Students are exposed to the sector via a number of work placements, meaning they leave university with a commercial understanding of the industry as well as a creative approach to design.

3. Psychology

The human mind is an amazing place, and despite a lack of vocational certainty after studying it, psychology remains a popular field of study.

Only 50% of psychology graduates are in positive destinations 6 months after leaving university, but get far in this field and you can reach dizzy heights

4. Medicine

This mammoth 5 year (minimum) degree develops in its students the practical and clinical capabilities to practice as medical doctor. There’s more training to be done after the course but this will get you into a well paid position.

As you can see, medicine graduates leave uni the most employable of all with near enough 100% of them in positive destinations within 6 months of leaving university.

5. Economics

Economists apply the scientific method to test hypotheses and produce models to predict future buying behaviour. They’re in the business of the production, consumption, and transfer of wealth so it’s no surprise to see the degree is so popular on our course chooser.

Economists have the opportunity to have an actual impact on economic policy – an important role indeed.

6. Physiotherapy

Physiotherapists treat illnesses, injuries and disease via physical methods such as massage, heat treatment, and exercise. This can be alongside, or instead of drug treatment.

Physiotherapists usually work within the NHS or in the private sector, either within hospitals or sometimes for private companies such as professional sports teams.

85% of physiotherapy graduates are in positive destinations within 6 months of graduating.

7. Accounting

The systematic administration of financial transactions and the associated summarising and presenting of financial information.

In a world where money rules accountants will always be in demand. At university level students explore the theory and practical application of financial principles.

Accountant graduates have to pursue professional qualifications once they leave uni, but when they’re chartered are sure to reap the rewards.

8. Computer Science

Most people are fairly adept with computers these days. But a theoretical approach to solving computer problems is the stuff of computer scientists.

It’s reassuring to know that this is one of the most searched for courses in the information age. It’ll be vital to ensuring the economic competitiveness of the UK. And with a lack of digitally skilled graduates to fill the available positions, there’s a good chance of finding gainful employment if you pursue this route.

9. Architecture

The process of planning, designing and constructing buildings.

7 years to become a practicing architect (5 years studying, 2 years work experience) doesn’t seem to be putting off prospective university students. Maybe that’s because of the associated benefits. Architects occupy a high status position, are often well paid, and often have the opportunity to get creative.

10. Criminology

The scientific study of crime. Criminologist students learn to apply scientific methodology to research the cause of crime and its societal impact.

Criminology graduates are predisposed to a number of job roles including police officer, prison officer, probation officer, and youth worker. Many go on to do a law conversion course and pursue work in this field.

Skill Shortage

Shortage of skilled workers drags down UK jobs market, driving up pay inflation

Engineers, nurses and construction workers are in short supply, depressing the growth in the UK labour market

    Accounting & Financial Management.

    Civil and structural engineering.

    Construction and building services.

    Consumer goods and FMCG.


    Financial services and insurance.


    Hospitality, leisure and travel.

    HR and Recruitment.

    Investment Banking.

    IT Technology.

    Law Barristers.

    Law Solicitors.

    Logistics, Transport and Supply chain.

    Management and Business.

    Management consulting.

    Marketing, advertising and PR.

    Media, journalism and publishing.


    Public services, charity and social work.

    Quantity surveying and Building surveying.

    Retail, buying and merchandising.


    Science and Research.

    Teaching and Education.

    Hotel & Catering.

    Human Resource.

    Blue Collar.

Average Income

Theme park attendants £6,011

Bar staff £7,317

Play workers £7,400

Waiters & waitresses (£7,654)

Cleaners £8,067

Florists £8,960

Hairdressers £10,174

Fitness instructors £10,378

Shop workers £11,174

Cooks £11,346

Nursery nurses £11,163

Beauticians £12,418

Window cleaners £12,561

Receptionists £12,595

Care workers £12,804

Child-minders £12,949

Telephonists £14,032

Tailors & Dressmakers £14,482

Caretakers £16,114

Secretaries £16,384

Cabbies £16,416

Customer service £16,525

Undertakers £16,526

Packers £16,820

Tele sales £17,362

Chefs £17,391

Gardeners £17,595

Street cleaners £17,616

Butchers £17,681

Hospital porters £17,748

Farm workers £17,925

Traffic wardens £18,065

Travel agents £18,344

Van drivers £18,744

Tyre & exhaust fitters £18,888

Bank clerks £19,908

Youth & Community workers £20,240

Civil servants £20,330

Council administrators £20,351

Vicars £20,568

Security guards £20,841

Plasterers £21,155

Lab technicians £21,168

Fork lift drivers £21,444

Musicians £21,492

Roofers £21,921

Bricklayers £22,476

Painters £22,700

Ambulance staff £22,854

Housing officers £23,001

Bus & coach drivers £23,095

Posties & messengers £23,178

Librarians £23,940

Carpenters £24,029

Photographers £24,242

Farmers £24,520

Estate agents £24,783

Publicans £25,222

Mechanics £25,238

Lorry drivers £25,602

Nurses £26,158

Prison officers £26,616

Welders £26,735

Printers £26,833

Speech therapists £27,470

Plumbers £27,832

Social workers £28,182

Fire-fighters £28,183

Office managers £28,790

Human resources personnel £28,999

Car makers £29,845

Web designers £29,870

Midwives £30,020

Scaffolds £30,591

Coal miners £30,688

PRs £31,818

Telecoms engineers £32,253

Vets £32,374

Hotel managers £32,470

Teachers £32,547

Journalists £35,117

Train builders £37,613

Civil engineers £38,236

Quantity surveyors £38,855

Police officers £39,346

Construction managers £42,066

Architects £44,024

Electrical engineers £44,430

Solicitors £44,787

Train drivers £45,489

Barristers & Judges £45,571

Health managers £46,629

Financial advisers £46,797

Dentists £53,567

Senior police £58,727

MPs Now £66,396

Doctors £70,646

MPs Future? £74,000

Airline pilots £78,482

Chief executives £117,700


Income by occupation

Occupation Median full-time gross weekly pay (£)
Aircraft pilots and flight engineers 1,746.6
Air traffic controllers 1,549.4
Chief executives and senior officials 1,533.3
Marketing and sales directors 1,298.7
Advertising and public relations directors 1,289.5
Information technology and telecommunications directors 1,226.7
Legal professionals (not included elsewhere) 1,217.3
Medical practitioners 1,167.1
Brokers 1,149.9
Financial managers and directors 1,143.0
Cleaners and domestics 285.5
Nursery nurses and assistants 285.2
Other elementary services occupations (not included elsewhere) 279.9
Retail cashiers and check-out operators 278.7
Leisure and theme park attendants 272.7
Kitchen and catering assistants 268.4
Hairdressers and barbers 267.8
Launderers, dry cleaners and pressers 259.3
Waiters and waitresses 257.6
Bar staff 253.6

Admission Process

Student Visa Rules – An Introduction

You need 40 points to apply for a student visa. This is achieved by:


Funding : you must provide evidence of funding to pay for both your course tuition fees and your monthly living costs (10 points).
Tuition fees are on average £12,000 per year but can range from £8,000 to £36,000. You will also need to show that you have £1,265 for each month of your studies (up to a maximum of nine months) to pay for living costs if you study in inner London.


Visa Application : In order to submit your Tier 4 student visa application, please visit the UK Visa & Immigration website to complete the online application form. International students from all countries (apart from North Korea) have to submit the visa application online.


Immigration Health Service Charge : All nationals from outside of Europe coming to live in the UK for longer than six months are required to pay a ‘health surcharge’ in order to gain access to the UK’s National Health Service (NHS). The health surcharge is £150 per year (or £75 for 6 months or less) for students and is payable when you submit your visa application on-line.


Before you start

You must be outside the UK, the Channel Islands and the Isle of Man to apply for your visa.

You need to :

register for an account

fill in the application form in English

pay for the visa fee online (in most cases)

print out your form

book and attend an appointment at a visa application centre


You must :

have the original and a photocopy of all the supporting documents you need for your visa

translate any supporting documents and include them with the originals if they aren’t in English


Tuberculosis (TB) test

You may need to get a TB test, depending on where you’re applying from.

Document Required

Recent Visas

S.No Students Name Address Course College
1 Sukhdeep Kaur Vpo-Ghaloti (Payal) Higher Diploma In Management South London College
2 Phulvir Singh Vpo-Chambli Diploma In Business Management North West College
3 Jatinder Singh Vpo-Rurki Uchi (Amloh) Higher Diploma In Management South London College
4 Gagandeep Singh Raju Vill-Daheru (Khanna) B.Tech Dudely College
5 Harjot Kaur VPO-Libra (Khanna) IELTS Preparation Program Walshall College
6 Barinder Singh Vill- Rurki Uchi (Amloh) Higher Diploma In Management Dudely College
7 Savir Mohammad VPO-Libra (Khanna) Diploma In Coockery Walshall College
8 Mubarak Ali VPO-Libra (Khanna) Graduate Diploma In Management Walshall College
9 Jagroop Singh Vill-Muskabad(Samrala) Diploma In Computer Science North West College
10 Gurbeer Singh Aujhla Vill-Badhouchhi Kalan (FGS) Diploma In Business Management South London College
11 Mohinder Singh Dhiman Khanna Higher Diploma In Management South London College
12 Manpreet Singh Khatra Khanna Diploma In Computer Science North West College
13 Navneet Kaur Lall Samrala PG Diploma In International Business South London College
14 Jasmeet Kaur Begowal Diploma In Hospatility Management South London College
15 Kamalpreet Kaur Dehlon (Ludhiana) Higher Diploma In Management South London College
16 Rajinder Kaur Kohara (Samrala) Higher Diploma In Management South London College
17 Usha Rani Vill-Chaunta (KumKalaan)
18 Gurpreet Kaur Vill-Gandhuan Kalaan (Bassi Pathana)
19 Kamaldeep Kaur Vill-Malak (Jagraon)

View More.


What documents will be required?

Scheme Funding opportunity Open to students or researchers from

Euraxess UK

Research placements in the UK

All countries

UK-China HE Research
Partnership for PhD Studies

Doctoral studies

China and UK

Commonwealth Scholarship and Fellowship Plan

Master’s and doctoral courses (for study in the UK and distance learning), plus academic, professional and medical fellowships

Commonwealth countries

Tullow Group Scholarships Scheme

Postgraduate courses

Ethiopia, Gabon, Ghana, Ivory Coast, Kenya, Mauritania, Suriname, Uganda, Uruguay

Entente Cordiale

Postgraduate courses

France and UK

Hong Kong – Scotland
Partners in Post Doctoral
Research scholarship scheme

Research placements in the UK

All countries

Charles Wallace India Trust Scholarships

Doctoral studies, research, visiting fellows and Scottish summer school


Charles Wallace Pakistan Trust Scholarships

Doctoral studies, research, visiting fellows and Scottish summer school


Goa Education Trust Scholarships

Postgraduate courses

India – Goa

BIRAX Regenerative Medicine
Initiative Fellowships

Research visits for scientists

Israel and UK

Young Cell Scheme

Postgraduate Master’s studies in the EU


Nigeria LNG Overseas
Postgraduate Scholarships

Postgraduate courses


Higher Education Scholarships for Palestine

Academic exchange for university employees


International Atomic Energy Agency Scholarships

Fellowships for graduates

Selected countries – see website

Hornby Educational Trust Scholarships

Scholarships for English language teachers to develop their English language skills

Selected countries – see website

BG Tanzania International
Postgraduate Scholarship
Scheme for Geoscience and

Postgraduate courses


Scotland’s Saltire Scholarships

Undergraduate, Master’s and PhD courses

Canada, China, India and USA

Frequently Asked Questions

Q – Can I work while I am studying in the UK?

You can work for up to 20 hours a week during your studies and full-time during your holidays to help support your studies. This only applies if you are studying a degree level course at a UK higher education institution for longer than 6 months. The university or college must be listed on the Highly Trusted Sponsor (HTS) list and the list of recognised bodies. Find out more information about working in the UK during your studies and after you graduate.

Q – When Can I Apply?

You will need to be offered the Confirmation of Acceptance for Studies (CAS) from your chosen university before you can apply for a visa. You can only apply for your visa three months before the start date of your course. This means, if your course starts at the end of September, you will receive your CAS around the end of June.

Q – Can my family come to the UK with me?

You can bring your partner and children to the UK as your Tier 4 dependant if you are a government-sponsored student and your course is longer than six months or you are doing a postgraduate level course of 12 months or longer at a publicly-funded Higher Education Institution or a ‘recognised body’.
You cannot bring your family to the UK as a Tier 4 dependant if you are studying an English language course, a course which is below degree level or an undergraduate course (except if you are a government-sponsored student).

Q – How much does the Tier 4 student visa cost?

If you are applying from outside the UK, the cost of the visa is £322 (plus the Immigration Health Service Charge).
If you are already in the UK, you can apply by post for £439 (plus the Immigration Health Service Charge) or in person for £839 (plus the Immigration Health Service Charge).

Q – Who can I contact with questions?

All universities in London have trained visa advisors who are able to answer your questions about the Tier 4 student visa and guide you through the application process. You can contact London’s universities directly through this website. You can find out more about each university through the university profiles and simply click on ‘contact’ to send your message.