DELF and DALF are the official French language diplomas. There are four DELF diplomas (A1, A2, B1, and B2), each one certifies proficiency at a particular level according to the CEFR standard. There is also a diploma for advanced students called DALF covering levels C1 and C2.
CEFR stands for the Common European Framework of Reference for languages. It provides a standard method for learning, teaching and assessing language proficiency across all European languages. There are six reference levels of language proficiency, divided into six broad categories, A1, A2, B1, B2, C1 and C2.
TCF is an official French test offered by the Ministry of Education in France. It’s not a diploma; it’s a spot test of proficiency and will grade the student on the CEFR level scale.
It is a standardized and calibrated test that ranks candidates on one of the six levels on a scale defined by the Council of Europe (Common European Framework of Reference for Languages) and ALTE (Association of Language Testers in Europe). It does not require specific study. TCF score results are reliable measurements for determining proficiency. This test is developed by the CIEP. It comprises three compulsory examinations and two supplementary examinations.
The validity period for certification is two years from the date that the test is taken The “TCF pour le Quebec”, or TCFq, has been specially designed to be consistent with the standards of the Ministry of Immigration (MICC) of Quebec, and is only intended for people wishing to settle in Quebec.
The validity period for certification is two years from the date that the test is taken. The certificate of TCFq is only valid for Quebec immigration. The certificate cannot be used for other purposes. For example,for admission to a French university.
Time taken to learn French will ultimately depends upon the grasping power of the learner. Practice effectively and efficiently as much as possible. In this way one would be able to learn basic French in less than a year. Moreover, each person has different intellectual level of learning, and some people are better and faster at grasping the language than others. For example, some people can easily master up to four languages, while others even do struggle with speaking any language other than their own mother tongue.
CIEP was founded in 1945 and a national public institution since 1987, the CIEP is recognised both in France and abroad for its skills with regard to expert evaluation, training, assessment, and management of international projects. The CIEP is a key public operator under the auspices of the Ministry of Education, Higher Education and Research. It is in addition the main operating partner of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and International Development. It relies on a network of national and international experts and partners, as well as on its staff of 250.
DELF/DALF are diplomas and have permanent validity – they don’t expire. They are generally intended for people in situations where they will be using French language and are expected to continue to improve, i.e. in a work situation or living in a French speaking country.
You cannot fail TFCq (you just get a grade); you can fail a DELF/DALF since these exams test a particular level. You can retake either exam after a minimum break of 60 days.
So, if you just want your French Proficiency graded for whatever reason, you’re probably best served by TCF since you can’t fail. If you’re studying and want to earn a diploma, or you want a goal to work towards to give your study a framework, then DELF/DALF is for you.
This level can vary according to different criteria. The immigration department will provide you with an answer once all of the documents in your application have been assessed Or Your agent will be best placed to answer this query. Generally, the immigration department will assess your level of competency in French on the basis of the score you get which may be A1, A2, B1, or B2 in the TCF Quebec Test. But, as per as the guidelines of Canadian immigration department, the advanced intermediate level(B2) has become the minimum level for which points are attributed for oral and written knowledge of French for Quebec PR.
The Test d’evaluation du français (TEF) is a test of fluency in French for non-native speakers. It is awarded by the CCIP. It is often required to be admitted into universities and is recognized by the Federal government of Canada as a proof of fluency in immigration procedures. The test is made up of three mandatory and two optional sections. The reading, listening, grammar and vocabulary sections are mandatory and must be taken together, while the writing and speaking sections are optional and can be taken separately.
NB. The Federal Government of Canada requires both mandatory and optional section for immigration purposes.
|Section||Time allotted||No of questions||No of points allotted||Remarks|
|Reading comprehension||60 min||50 questions||300 points||Mandatory. Multiple choice questions.|
|Listening comprehension||40 min||60 questions||360 points||Mandatory. Multiple choice questions.|
|Grammar||30 min||40 questions||240 points||Mandatory. Multiple choice questions.|
|Written expression||60 min||2 topics||450 points||Optional|
|Oral expression||35 min||2 topics||450 points||Optional|
The authorised examination centre to conduct the examination is Alliance Francaise which is situated in more than 13 cities in India including Chandigarh, New Delhi, Gurgaon, Mumbai, Bengaluru, Chennai, Hyderabad, Ahmedabad, Bangalore, Bhopal, Goa & Calcutta.
There are a few factors that are necessary when learning French language. Especially if your goal is to become fluent then following factors are essential to have a solid hold over this language:
Basic knowledge of rules of English grammar
Time and Efforts
Capability to learn language
Practice of the language